Chlamydia: Symptoms (Men & Women): Symptoms, Treatments & Risk Factors

What is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is one type of sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis.

This type of infection is easily spread because it has no symptoms. Usually, it spreads or passes Chlamydia to sexual partners without knowing it. Normally, this type of infection in women and men has no symptoms.

Chlamydia causes serious complications if it is not treated at a specific time.

How Do You Get Chlamydia?

Chlamydia can be passed through unprotected vaginal, oral sex, or anal. Chlamydia is usually done through genital contact. It means you get Chlamydia from someone who has a genital touch or sex.

You can also get chlamydia if you are in contact with the infected cum, vaginal fluid, or also get them in your eye. It cannot be passed through hugging, sharing clothes, kissing, or using the same toilet as an infected person used it.

Chlamydia Symptoms

People with Chlamydia do not have any type of symptoms. If you get Chlamydia symptoms, you may not notice them until a few weeks after the infection occurred.

Sometimes people may not get any symptoms for several months. Here we given some Chlamydia symptoms include:

Chlamydia Symptoms Women include

  • Painful periods
  • Severe abdominal pain with fever
  • Pain when you are pee
  • Bleeding between normal or heavier periods
  • Pain during sex or bleeding after sex
  • Increase vaginal discharge
  • Itching or burning around your vagina

Chlamydia Symptoms men include

  • Swelling or pain in the testicles
  • Burning when urinating
  • Swelling or burning around the opening of the penis

Sometimes in Chlamydia symptoms, sex can also lead to other body parts such as the throat, eyes, and anus.

Chlamydia Causes

Normally, the bacteria cause Chlamydia. It spreads through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex. People can get this from the infected person such as semen or vaginal yeast infection. It is passed from one infected person to another infected person through genital contact.

Sometimes it may be also done by people in no sex. Pregnant women may also give it to their unborn child during delivery.

It is an untreated infection if it spread into the uterus and fallopian tubes, cause pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID). That can permanently damage your reproductive system. This can lead to long-term pelvic pain, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy.

Women who have Chlamydia symptoms theater a higher risk of health complications. In men, who have Chlamydia symptoms they can cause pain fever, epididymis, and infertility.

How can Chlamydia Diagnose?

There are several types of tests that can be done for diagnosing chlamydia. Your doctor takes a sample, either from the cervix in women and urethra in men. It goes to the laboratory for analysis. They may also check the bacteria from the sample. One procedure for diagnosing Chlamydia such as,

Chlamydia Screening

This type of screening recommended for:

  • Males who are at high risk
  • People who are HIV, and sexually active at least once a year
  • Females who are under 25 and sexually active
  • Women who are pregnant under the age of 25

Chlamydia screening can be done at home or in the lab. They can check either a swab or urine.

Normally, men can use a urine test or females can use a swab, place it in a container and sample send to a laboratory. A doctor can give advice on what is the best option for them.

Chlamydia Treatment

Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics. You can take antibiotics in one day or over a week as your doctor prescribed. There are also important to not have sex until you and your sexual partner have completely finished treatment.

If you have a day course of treatment, you should avoid sex for seven days afterward.  You may ask your doctor when it is safe to have sex again.

Chlamydia Prevention

Some ways of preventing Chlamydia such as,

  • Always wash and cover sex toys with condoms
  • Avoid sex until treatment completely done
  • Use regular screening
  • Avoid different sexual partners
  • A sexual relationship with both partners is monogamous.

Risk Factors of Chlamydia

There are some complications of Chlamydia.


This can affect the men’s Chlamydia symptoms such as swollen, warm scrotum, and testicle pain.


It increases the risk of an ectopic pregnancy. This affects the inflammation of the fallopian tubes.


This is a urethra tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. Chlamydia may pain and urinating. This is chronic inflammatory arthritis and conjunctivitis.


This type of inflammation in the neck of the womb.

Pregnancy Complications:

This occurred in pregnant women who have Chlamydia symptoms or their newborn baby may experience.

  • Low birth weight
  • Pneumonia or conjunctivitis in a newborn baby
  • Premature delivery

The Bottom Line

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection. If you are screening, it can show a person needs treatment. If you are not taking treatment it leads to complications and may be permanent effects. If you have any queries related to this information say in the comment section.

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