What does mean by pandemic?

 A pandemic means disease which spread worldwide its called pandemic. Pandemic is an epidemic of disease that has spread across a large region, or worldwide. A pandemic is the global outbreak of a disease.

There are many examples in history, the most recent being the COVID-19 pandemic. It can be state as such by the World Health Organization on March 12, 2020.

Pandemic meaning

A pandemic is state as “an epidemic occurring Global , or over a very wide area,

Crossing international boundaries and usually affecting a large number of people”.

Preventing pandemic

It is important to try to prevent an epidemic from developing into pandemic.

This requires nation to act early and be get ready.

There are several ways to control virus it can also be affective.

  1. Quarantine – separate individuals who has infection from contact with others can send for incubation for some days.
  •  Isolate – separate individuals who has infection contact with others.
  • Protect- protect themselves from other infected person through mask .

Stages of pandemic

The WHO (world health organization) defines 6 phases as follows.

Phase 1 – Virus is shown in animals but has not been shown to infections in humans.

Phase 2 – A known animal virus has caused an infection in humans

Phase 3 – Isolated incidence of cases or small clusters of the disease occurring in humans.

Phase-4- Possible cases of human-to-human transmission but not at a level to cause community-level outbreaks.

Phase 5 – Human to human transmission at a rate that causes an outbreak in communities.

Phase 6 – The spread of the disease between humans is now evident in more than one country.

Global pandemic meaning

pandemic is basically a global epidemic  an epidemic that spreads to more than one country.

The coronavirus, which emerged in China in December, has spread around the world,

Locking down entire nations, closing schools . It also includes the largest global recession .

forcing the postponement of events and concerts across the world.

The pandemic has resulted in significant global social and economic disruption.

It has led to widespread supply shortages like panic buying, agricultural disruption, and food shortages.

Pandemic vs epidemic

PandemicEpidemic
pandemic is a kind of epidemic  which has spread across a wider geographic range .An epidemic is an outbreak of disease that spreads quickly and affects many individuals at the same time. 
A pandemic affects large number of people.An epidemic, which has affected a significant portion of the population.
 Pandemic is an epidemic that’s spread over multiple countries or continents. Epidemic is a disease that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region.

What is endemic?

When a disease exists all the time in a specific region or among a particular population, it’s known as endemic.

 Endemic is something that belongs to a particular people or country.

What’s the difference between epidemic and endemic?

An epidemic is actively spreading new cases of the disease .

More broadly, it’s used to describe any problem that’s out of control, such as “the opioid epidemic.”

 An epidemic is often localized to a region, but the number of those infected in that region is remarkably higher than normal.

For example, when COVID-19 was lean to Wuhan, China, it was an epidemic. The geographical spread turned it into a pandemic.

How long do pandemics last

The best therapies and vaccines in the world, this virus is almost certainly going to be with us forever, even after the pandemic phase has passed.

To eliminate a virus from the human population is incredibly difficult.

We’ve only ever done it with one human pathogen, and that’s smallpox. To do that, you need a global vaccination strategy.

On top of that, you need a vaccine that provides essentially 100 percent protection against the virus.

The pandemic “likely won’t be stop until 60% to 70% of the population is immune”, the report said.

The worst of the three scenarios they outline involves a third, larger wave of coronavirus infections this fall.

Covid-19 would have a seasonal pattern, spreading in the winter months when kids are in school and when we spend more time indoors in proximity to each other. 

The coronavirus pandemic may last until 2022, according to a report published.

Pandemic history

There have been a number of pandemics since the beginning of the 20th century.

Epidemics and pandemics with at least 1 million deaths

DiseaseDeath tollDateLocation
Smallpox or measles5–10 million165–180 (possibly up to 190)Roman Empire
Bubonic plague15–100 million541–549Europe and West Asia
Smallpox2 million735–737Japan
Bubonic plague75–200 million1346–1353Europe, Asia, and North Africa
Smallpox5–8 million1519–1520Mexico
Cocoliztli5–15 million1545–1548Mexico
Cocoliztli2–2.5 million1576–1580Mexico
Bubonic plague1 million1629–1631Italy
Plague1.25 million1656–1658Southern Italy
Bubonic plague2 million1772–1773Persia
Cholera1 million+1846–1860Worldwide
Plague12–15 million1855–1960Worldwide
Influenza1 million1889–1890Worldwide
Typhus2–3 million1918–1922Russia
Influenza A/H1N117–100 million1918–1920Worldwide
Influenza A/H2N21–4 million1957–1958Worldwide
Influenza A/H3N21–4 million1968–1969Worldwide
HIV/AIDS35 million+ (as of 2018)1981–presentWorldwide
COVID-197.4 million+2020–presentWorldwide

Chronology

Among the best-known pandemics is the Black Death, a plague which spread across Asia and Europe in the middle of the 14th century.

The deadliest pandemic in history was the Spanish flu of 1918. The virus infected an estimated one-third of the world’s population.

And it was responsible for causing between 20 million and 50 million deaths that’s an estimated 1% to 3% mortality rate.

The virus didn’t develop in Spain, but the country was the first to report on the outbreak, so people began calling it the Spanish flu (the Spanish thought it started in France and called it the “French flu”).

Conclusion:

Thus, from above we can conclude that this pandemic may last until 2022.till then we must vaccinate our selves and our family members .

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