What does mean by Hepatitis C? Symptoms & causes

Hepatitis C is a liver infection it can be originated from the hepatitis C virus (HCV).it can be sometimes leading to serious liver damage. The hepatitis C virus was track down in 1989.

The hepatitis C virus (HCV) spreads through contaminated blood. Until recently, hepatitis C treatment required weekly injections and oral medications. 

However, The virus can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis. it spreads through an infected person’s blood or body fluids.

People usually get hepatitis C by sharing needles for injection drug use. An HCV-infected woman can pass the infection to her baby during birth. 

A Hepatitis C can be originated by an infected person through following ways: 

  • Sexual contact
  • An accidental needlestick   
  • Improperly sterilized medical
  • Acupuncture
  • Piercing
  • Tattooing equipment

· Sharing items like toothbrushes or razors

Stages of hepatitis

1. Acute hepatitis C

Most people with acute hepatitis C do not develop symptoms. The acute symptoms are very similar to other viral infections.

People rarely receive a diagnosis of acute hepatitis C as it lacks definitive symptoms. Because of this, doctors often call hepatitis C the silent epidemic.

2. Chronic hepatitis C

Hepatitis C becomes chronic when the body cannot clear the virus. Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent liver damage.

Chronic liver disease, which can happen slowly over several decades without any symptoms.

Chronic hepatitis C does not cause any symptoms or causes general symptoms, such as chronic fatigue or depression.

What are the symptoms of Hepatitis?

Many people with hepatitis C have no symptoms. But between 2 weeks and 6 months after the virus enters your bloodstream, you could notice:

Hepatitis C symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Darker colored urine
  • Abdominal pain
  • Aches and pains
  • Itching
  • Joint pain
  • Loose, light-colored stools
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Types of hepatitis

There are 5 main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D ,and E. These 5 types are of greatest concern because of the burden of illness and death they cause and the potential for outbreaks and epidemic spread.

 Hepatitis-A

It can be caused when you eat or drink something that’s got the virus in it. It’s the least risky type because It doesn’t lead to long-term inflammation of your liver. There’s a vaccine for hepatitis that can prevent it.

Hepatitis-B

This type can be spread in many ways like through needles, unprotected sex, this virus can also be passing from a pregnant mother to the child. A person who has hepatitis B can spread it to others even if he/she has no symptoms now.

Hepatitis-C

This type of virus can be spread when you are in contact with blood or needles.it may also possible when you used to inject illegal drugs .and with drawing tattoos. this virus may risky for the liver.

Hepatitis-D

The virus Hepatitis-D happens only in our body if we are already infected with hepatitis.it tends to makes that disease more critical.it can be spread a mother to child through sex.

Hepatitis-E

This virus is mainly spreading in India, Mexico, Africa, Asia. Hepatitis E is spread the same as hepatitis A by drinking or eating something that has an infection of the virus.

Hepatitis treatment

Medical treatment can cure Hepatitis C in most cases. These treatments involve a combination of antiviral medications taken for 8 to 24 weeks.

However, the DAA (Direct-acting antiviral medicines) medication can work by targeting HCV lifecycle for the reproduction of viral cells.

Hepatitis C treatment includes medications. Interferon, Ribavirin.

Following are the DAA medicines which can treat hepatitis C

  • glecaprevir and pibrentasvir (Mavyret)
  • ledipasvir/sofosbuvir(Harvoni)
  • peginterferon alfa-2a (Pegasys)

The chronic Hepatitis C treatment was lengthy and costly and less cure rate. but now the cure rate is over 90%beacuase of DAA.

However new medication for hepatitis can be the most costly. also, most of the government gives coverage on medication.

If there is no coverage on medication of hepatitis speak with a healthcare professional. he/she will give you advice regarding paying for hepatitis treatment.

The course of this type of treatment is usually over months. These medications can cause side effects.

A person may use the antiviral medication ribavirin is to treat hepatitis E, but it is not always effective.

The side effects of anti-viral drugs 

Antiviral drugs for hepatitis c, which have little or no side effects. Some of the side-effects may include: 

  • Nausea 
  • Fatigue 
  • Headache 
  • Sleep disorders (insomnia) 

What is Viral Hepatitis?

Viral hepatitis is an inflammation of your liver that’s caused by a virus. There are five types, but the most common ones in the U.S. are hepatitis A, B, and C.

 All of them affect your liver. Some of the symptoms are similar, but they have different treatments.

One of the world’s leading causes of death, viral hepatitis kills as many as HIV/AIDS, malaria, or tuberculosis.

Chronic hepatitis B and C are life-threatening infectious diseases that cause serious liver damage, cancer, and premature death. More than 300 million people are living with the hepatitis B virus or the hepatitis C virus. 

Hepatitis diagnosis

A doctor may use a blood test to diagnose viral hepatitis.

If the antibody test is positive, the person may then have a second blood test called a Hepatitis C RNA test. This will check whether the virus is still present in the blood.

The results of a blood test can confirm the type of viral hepatitis, the severity of the infection.

Whether an infection is active or dormant, and whether a person is currently contagious. A blood test can also confirm whether a virus is acute, meaning short term, or chronic, meaning long term.

To diagnose autoimmune hepatitis, a doctor may consider:

  • symptoms
  • medical history
  • blood and imaging tests
  • a liver biopsy
  • a physical examination

They may suggest additional tests to confirm the condition.

How is hepatitis C treated? 

 The hepatitis C virus is doing a great job with all of the oral medications. These drugs, called anti-viral medications are usually taken once a day. 

 These drugs may be perfect, to attack, and prevent the reproduction of the virus. 

 Antiviral drugs are not available for the initial treatment of hepatitis C. 

 Ribavirin, as a weekly injection under the skin, plus a tablet. in the treatment of hepatitis C. 

All the patients with hepatitis C, treatment is needed? 

All of the patients with hepatitis c should be treated, including patients who have: 

You will have cirrhosis of the liver 

  •  The person who taking Drugs 
  •  Person consume Alcohol 
  •  Homeless people  
  •  Who have Health issue  
  • Fluid in the abdominal cavity
  • She had bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract
  •  HIV infection 
  •  Hepatitis B infection 

What is SVR? When it is considering it successful for hepatitis c?

The SVR is capable of Sustained Virological Response. 

 This means that in the 12 months after the end of the treatment, the tests can detect the hepatitis c virus in the blood. At this point, the virus will probably not come back. 

 (SVR) is, the absence of detectable HCV RNA after 6 months of blood testing for anti-viral therapy. 

 Antiviral drugs can attack the virus’s ability to replicate so that the amount of virus in the blood is reduced. The amount of virus in the blood, which is measured by the viral load (also known as HCV-RNA). 

DRUGS and the treatment is successful when the viral load down to undetectable levels, meaning that the virus could not be detected in the bloodstream .

The viral load is undetectable during treatment and will continue to go unnoticed and after the treatment ends. 

 If there is no detectable virus in the blood 12 weeks after the end of therapy, the treatment was effective. This is the so-called Sustained Virologic Response (SVR). 

A patient who has reached the NVR has been cured of the hepatitis C virus. 

Tips for taking hepatitis C drugs 

  • Always follow the instructions of your healthcare provider, especially in the instructions for taking the medication. 
  • If you need to cancel an appointment, a phone call to the carrier and the planning of a new one as soon as possible. 
  • Take good care of yourself. Eat well, drink 8 to 10 glasses of water every day, and try to get a full night’s sleep. 
  • For more information on hepatitis c medications, you are taking. It’s going to be special, risks, and warnings. 
  • If you agree with ribavirin, use sunscreen, wear long-sleeved shirts and a hat, and reduce exposure to the sun. 
  • Enter the name of the doctor and phone number. Carry this information with you. 
  • Write down the names of the medications you are taking. Carry this information with you. 

How long does the treatment take? 

The treatment usually lasts for up to 8 to 12 weeks, but in some cases, it can be up to 16 weeks. In some patients with extensive damage to the liver, which may serve to 24 weeks of treatment, but this is rare. The duration varies depending on the medication used and the specific factors of HCV in a particular patient. 

Small tips may help during hepatitis C 

To the majority of people with hepatitis C, it is necessary to follow a diet, but a healthy diet provides energy and helps you to feel better during your treatment. 

Some of the drugs used for the treatment of hepatitis c can lead to a loss of appetite, or nausea in the stomach. 

The relief from these symptoms with the help of the following guidelines in mind: 

  • Eat a small meal or snack every three to four.
  • Take a light walk before meals. It might help
  • Avoid greasy, salty, or sweet foods. 
  • Avoid drinking alcohol. 

Prevention of hepatitis C 

Unfortunately, there is no vaccine available to prevent hepatitis C. to reduce the risk of contracting viral hepatitis C.

Parenteral administration of the drug, the most common way to get hepatitis c. Injection of the drug should be avoided to reduce the risk. If you are injecting drugs, use sterile syringes. Please avoid using it again or pass it on. 

Avoid sharing personal care items that might have blood on them (razors, toothbrushes, nail clippers).

If you are a health care or public safety worker, follow universal blood/body fluid precautions.

 Handle needles and other sharp items safely and securely. 

Tattoo, body piercing, or acupuncture for the products must sterilize. 

 If you are having sex with multiple partners, use condoms properly. 

 Each time, to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases, such as hepatitis. 

Natural treatment for Viral Hepatitis 

 Hepatitis c is a long-standing problem in China and other parts of Asia, and other countries.

The traditional Chinese herbal combination of Shosaiko-to (Minor Bupleurum) has been approved by the Japanese Ministry of Health for the treatment of chronic hepatitis. 

In this 24-week trial, the Shosaiko-to was trying out in 222 people with chronic active hepatitis. using a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design.

 The results show that the use of Shosaiko-improved the liver function indicators, in comparison with placebo. 

While these results are promising, the lack of a long-term assessment in so far as they are meaningful. (The researchers followed the participants for up to 3 months.)

Conclusion:

Thus, we can say that hepatitis can be spread through blood mainly .so we must take care that we should not be in contact with blood or injection, tattoo, and unprotected sexual relation. From the above data we understand that we should follow some important tips and also follow prevention tips for hepatitis C.

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