What does mean by Hepatitis C? Symptoms & causes

Hepatitis C is a liver infection it can be originated from the hepatitis C virus (HCV).it can be sometimes leading to serious liver damage. The hepatitis C virus was track down in 1989.

The hepatitis C virus (HCV) spreads through contaminated blood. Until recently, hepatitis C treatment required weekly injections and oral medications. 

However, The virus can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis. it spreads through an infected person’s blood or body fluids.

People usually get hepatitis C by sharing needles for injection drug use. An HCV-infected woman can pass the infection to her baby during birth. 

Reason to originated Hepatitis C

  • Sexual contact
  • An accidental needlestick   
  • Improperly sterilized medical
  • Acupuncture
  • Piercing
  • Tattooing equipment

· Sharing items like toothbrushes or razors

Stages of hepatitis

1. Acute hepatitis C

Most people with acute hepatitis C do not develop symptoms. The acute symptoms are very similar to other viral infections.

People rarely receive a diagnosis of acute hepatitis C as it lacks definitive symptoms. Because of this, doctors often call hepatitis C the silent epidemic.

2. Chronic hepatitis C

Hepatitis C becomes chronic when the body cannot clear the virus. Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent liver damage.

Chronic liver disease, which can happen slowly over several decades without any symptoms.

Chronic hepatitis C does not cause any symptoms or causes general symptoms, such as chronic fatigue or depression.

What are the symptoms of Hepatitis?

Many people with hepatitis C have no symptoms. But between 2 weeks and 6 months after the virus enters your bloodstream, you could notice:

Hepatitis C symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Darker colored urine
  • Abdominal pain
  • Aches and pains
  • Itching
  • Joint pain
  • Loose, light-colored stools
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Types of hepatitis

There are 5 main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D ,and E. These 5 types are of greatest concern because of the burden of illness and death they cause and the potential for outbreaks and epidemic spread.

 Hepatitis-A

It can be caused when you eat or drink something that’s got the virus in it. It’s the least risky type because It doesn’t lead to long-term inflammation of your liver. There’s a vaccine for hepatitis that can prevent it.

Hepatitis-B

This type can be spread in many ways like through needles, unprotected sex, this virus can also be passing from a pregnant mother to the child. A person who has hepatitis B can spread it to others even if he/she has no symptoms now.

Hepatitis-C

This type of virus can be spread when you are in contact with blood or needles.it may also possible when you used to inject illegal drugs .and with drawing tattoos. this virus may risky for the liver.

Hepatitis-D

The virus Hepatitis-D happens only in our body if we are already infected with hepatitis.it tends to makes that disease more critical.it can be spread a mother to child through sex.

Hepatitis-E

This virus is mainly spreading in India, Mexico, Africa, Asia. Hepatitis E is spread the same as hepatitis A by drinking or eating something that has an infection of the virus.

Hepatitis treatment

Medical treatment can cure Hepatitis C in most cases. These treatments involve a combination of antiviral medications taken for 8 to 24 weeks.

However, the DAA (Direct-acting antiviral medicines) medication can work by targeting HCV lifecycle for the reproduction of viral cells.

Hepatitis C treatment includes medications. Interferon, Ribavirin.

Following are the DAA medicines which can treat hepatitis C

  • glecaprevir and pibrentasvir (Mavyret)
  • ledipasvir/sofosbuvir(Harvoni)
  • peginterferon alfa-2a (Pegasys)

The chronic Hepatitis C treatment was lengthy and costly and less cure rate. but now the cure rate is over 90%beacuase of DAA.

However new medication for hepatitis can be the most costly. also, most of the government gives coverage on medication.

If there is no coverage on medication of hepatitis speak with a healthcare professional. he/she will give you advice regarding paying for hepatitis treatment.

The course of this type of treatment is usually over months. These medications can cause side effects.

A person may use the antiviral medication ribavirin is to treat hepatitis E, but it is not always effective.

What is Viral Hepatitis?

Viral hepatitis is an inflammation of your liver that’s caused by a virus. There are five types, but the most common ones in the U.S. are hepatitis A, B, and C.

 All of them affect your liver. Some of the symptoms are similar, but they have different treatments.

One of the world’s leading causes of death, viral hepatitis kills as many as HIV/AIDS, malaria, or tuberculosis.

Chronic hepatitis B and C are life-threatening infectious diseases that cause serious liver damage, cancer, and premature death. More than 300 million people are living with the hepatitis B virus or the hepatitis C virus. 

Hepatitis diagnosis

A doctor may use a blood test to diagnose viral hepatitis.

If the antibody test is positive, the person may then have a second blood test called a Hepatitis C RNA test. This will check whether the virus is still present in the blood.

The results of a blood test can confirm the type of viral hepatitis, the severity of the infection.

Whether an infection is active or dormant, and whether a person is currently contagious. A blood test can also confirm whether a virus is acute, meaning short term, or chronic, meaning long term.

To diagnose autoimmune hepatitis, a doctor may consider:

  • symptoms
  • medical history
  • blood and imaging tests
  • a liver biopsy
  • a physical examination

They may suggest additional tests to confirm the condition.

Conclusion:

Thus, we can say that hepatitis can be spread through blood mainly .so we must take care that we should not be in contact with blood or injection, tattoo, and unprotected sexual relation.

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