Various Type of Nail Abnormalities

Nails structure looks like hair and skin layers, formed of keratin. Normally the diseases in nail abnormalities are called morphology and etiology.

Healthy nails are smooth and consistent in color. Nail diseases affecting the growth or appearance of nails called nail abnormalities.
Here we explain some common nail abnormalities in detail.

What are Nail Abnormalities?

Fingernails protect the touchy tips of the fingers from accidental trauma and are shaped by the layer of germinal tissue called the nail matrix. The matrix can be found at the exceptionally base of the nail, covered up under the skin crease which lies just under the proximal side of the nail. The nail matrix is important for the nail shapes bed that upholds and sustains the nail plate.

The nail folds hold the nail in position and stay it to the skin, forming the cuticle. This keeps microbial life forms from entering the nail bed and furthermore keeps dampness out.

Nail abnormalities like discoloration, spots, and nail separation. It can be resulting in injuries to the hands and fingers, infections, periungual warts, and some medications that are used for chemotherapy.

If you see any changes in your nail without vesting time you have to consult a doctor.

Vertical ridges and brittle patches can create because of maturing or minor wounds. Different irregularities, for example, staining, spots, and nail detachment may create because of diseases, wounds, or a few prescriptions. In some skin condition known as psoriasis nail abnormalities.

Nail Abnormalities Symptoms:

Some symptoms and causes around the fingernails and toenails, which are given below.

  • Nails that are become brittle and pitted
  • Nail shapes changes like clubbing and curling
  • Abnormal changes in nail thickness
  • Bleeding and swelling around the nails
  • Pain and nail separating from the skin
  • Discoloration

There are so many different types of nail abnormalities some are described below in detail.

Beau lines

Lines that run the length of a nail are normal and typically nothing to worry about. On the off chance that you see profound furrows that run the width of your nail like the ones appeared in this image, it implies that something eased back or stopped your nails from growing for some time.


When something makes your nails totally stop growing for some time, you may see a hole. In the event that this occurs, you’ll have a spot on your nails that is missing nail. The clinical name for this condition is onychomadesis. Some symptoms  like:


The bending can start so slowly that a number of people are ignoring when it’s occurring. As the nails keep on bending descending, fingertips frequently swell and the nails begin to feel spongy when pressed.


On the off chance that you notice your fingernails begin to bend, it’s an ideal opportunity to see a board-confirmed dermatologist. Bended nails can be an innocuous characteristic, which runs in the family. Bended nails can likewise be an indication that you have a disease in the:



In the event that you have slight fingernails that dunk down in the center and look like spoons, you may not be getting enough iron. Individuals build up an iron deficiency for some, reasons, including:



If have furrows and ridges in the focal point of your thumb that appear as though the ones appeared in this image, you may have built up a propensity for picking at the fingernail skin on your thumbnails. Many people are uninformed that they do this.  A dermatologist might have the option to assist you with getting out from under the propensity, permitting healthy nails to develop out.

Yellow nail syndrome


Wearing red nail polish without a base coat or smoking can turn your nails yellow. In the event that your nails turn yellow, thicken, and appear to stop growing, it could be an indication of something going on inside your body. Some symptoms like:

  • pleural effusions
  • fluid buildup between the lungs and chest cavity
  • swelling on the hand
  • internal malignancies

Terry’s nails


In this, the tip of each nail has a dark band it’s called Terry’s nails. It has symptoms like:

  • Liver disease
  • Diabetes
  • Heart attack


In the event that you have scratches in your nails that seem as though they were made by an icepick, this could be an indication that you have a disease that influences your whole body.


Seeing a board-confirmed dermatologist for a diagnosis is significant. Dermatologists are the experts who analyze and treat these diseases. Treatment can assist you with feeling more good and keep the disease from intensifying. The symptoms like:

Preventing Nail Problems:

To prevent nail problems we need to take care of nails properly. Some preventing tips such as:

  • Keep the nails clean and dry
  • Avoid biting or tearing nails
  • Trimming the nails after bathing because when they are soft
  • Avoid long term use of nail polish, nail remover
  • Avoid keeping artificial nails
  • Use good nail clippers or sharp manicure scissors
  • Use moisturizers often


Nail abnormalities can come in many forms, and here we describe some of their signs and types of nails abnormalities a person may experience the symptoms. To determine these are the reasons they should consult a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. If you have any queries regarding this article say in the comment section.

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