Diverticulitis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Diverticulitis is most common after 40 years. Symptoms include abdominal pain, fever, nausea, and changes in bowel habits. Treatment may include rest, liquid or low-fiber foods and antibiotics. Serious cases may require hospitalization and surgery. Symptoms usually include lower abdominal pain of sudden onset but onset may occur again in a few days. There may also be nausea, a cold or blood in the cell suggests a problem. Repeated attacks are possible. The causes of diverticulitis are uncertain. Risk factors may include obesity, lack of exercise, smoking, family history of the disease, and the use of illicit drugs.

What is Diverticulitis?

Diverticulitis is an infection or inflammation of the pockets that can build up in your gut. These bags are called diverticula.

Packets are usually harmless. They can show anywhere in your gut. If you have them it is called diverticulosis. If they are infected or inflamed, you have diverticulitis. In some cases diverticulitis is mild. But it can also be severe with severe infection or congestion of the intestines.

Diverticulitis Symptoms

You can have bags unknowingly. Diverticula are usually painless and cause few symptoms if any. But you may notice:

  • Compression on the left side of your abdomen following gas or bowel movements
  • Bright red blood on your poop

The symptoms of Diverticulitis are very noticeable and include severe abdominal pain and fever. Diverticulitis can be severe or chronic. In the severe form, you may have one or more attacks of infection and inflammation. In chronic diverticulitis, inflammation and infection may subside but never become completely clear. Over time, inflammation can lead to constipation. This can lead to constipation, bowel movements, diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal pain. If the blockage continues abdominal pain and tenderness will increase, and you may feel sick to your stomach or vomiting.

Diverticulitis Causes

The bags in your gut become swollen or infected when they pass through or are blocked by feces. Your chances of getting diverticulitis increase with age. It is most common in people over 40 years of age. Other risks include:

  • Obesity
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Not getting enough exercise
  • Eat lots of fatty and red meat but not too much fiber
  • Taking certain types of drugs, including steroids, opioids, and non-steroid anti-inflammatories

Is diverticulitis serious?

 If left untreated diverticulitis can lead to major complications that require surgery:

Abscesses: the accumulation of redness in the infection may surround the infected diverticula. If these pass through the intestinal wall, you can get peritonitis. This infection can be fatal. You will need immediate treatment.

Convulsions or tears: on the intestinal wall can lead to abscesses and infections due to leaky discharge from the abdominal cavity.

Escape: can lead to consolidation or closure of the intestines.

Fistula: This can develop when an infected diverticulum reaches a nearby organ and forms a connection. This happens most often between the large intestine and one. It can cause kidney infections. Fistulas can also form between the large intestine or the skin or vagina.

If you are bleeding profusely, you may need a blood transfusion.

Diagnosis of Diverticulitis

The symptoms of diverticulitis can also look like other problems. Your doctor will reduce things by taking out some news. They will start with a physical examination. Women can get a pelvic exam too. Your doctor may then order one or more tests, including:

A blood test, urine, and stool to check for infection

CT scan to detect inflamed or infected diverticula

Liver enzyme testing to rule out liver problems

Diverticulitis treatment

If your diverticulitis is mild, your doctor will recommend rest and fluids while your intestines are healing. They can also give you antibiotics to treat the infection. In severe cases you may need to stay in the hospital and take antiretroviral drugs. If you have an abscess, your doctor will remove it. If your intestines are torn or you have peritonitis, you will need surgery. Once you are cured, your doctor can give you a colonoscopy to remove colon cancer. You can prevent diverticulosis and diverticulitis and their problems by eating more fiber, drinking more water and exercising more often.

Prevent to Diverticulitis

Eat plenty of fiber. The recommended daily intake is 25 grams for women, 20 for those over the age of 50, and 30-38 grams for men. 

Drink plenty of fluids. You should consume at least 64 ounces of fluids daily. Increased fiber intake should be paired with increased fluid intake in order to reap the benefits of a high-fiber diet and avoid discomfort. 

Exercise regularly. Exercising for 30 minutes on most days helps promote normal bowel function. 

Is diverticulitis hereditary?

The pressure from this can cause bags to be built in weak areas around the colony. There is also a genetic predisposition, so it can work in families. Where the diverticulum is present but does not cause problems we call it Diverticulosis. Ehlers-Danlos, Marfan syndrome and polycystic kidney disease have been linked to the development of autoimmune disease.

Foods to avoid

If you have diverticulosis or diverticulitis in the past, and the dietary recommendations were different compared with the results of the explosion. 

Certain foods can increase or decrease the risk of the development of this program. 

The following sections describe the studies carried out on different types of food that should be avoided for diverticulosis, or rectocele. 

Foods high in FODMAP content 

Following a low-FODMAP diet is beneficial for people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and it can also help some people with diverticulitis. 

FODMAPs are types of carbohydrates. This means fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols. 

Some studies have suggested that a low-FODMAP diet may help to prevent high-colonic pressure, which, in theory, can help people to avoid, repair, or diverticulitis. 

On this diet, people have to avoid foods high in FODMAPS. Some examples of foods to avoid include:

  • some fruits, such as apples, pears, and plums
  • dairy products such as milk, yogurt, and ice cream
  • fermented foods, such as
  • sauerkraut, pickles or kimchi
  • Brussels sprouts
  • onions and garlic. 
  • Red and processed meat 
  • According to the study, 
  • A reliable source.

A diet high in red and processed meat may increase the risk of developing diverticulitis. 

On the other hand, a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains has been associated with a reduced risk of all. 

Food products with a high sugar and fat

A standard Western diet high in fat and sugar and low in fiber is associated with an increased incidence of diverticulitis. 

Studies show that, for the avoidance of these foods may help in the prevention of diverticulitis, or to reduce the symptoms:

  • red meat
  • refined grains
  • fat dairy products
  • deep-fried foods 
  • Eating and drinking 

Doctors are recommended to avoid peanuts, popcorn, and most of the seeds, as it was assumed that the small particle size of these products were able to come out of the bags and cause an infection. 

A number of previous studies have also shown that people with diverticulitis are necessary in order to prevent the drinking of alcohol. 

Do I need to avoid foods that are high in fiber? 

In the past, doctors have advised people with diverticulitis to follow a low-fiber diet or a fine liquid diet. Recently, the majority of medical doctors have to move away from this advice. 

In fact, the NIDDK fact recommends eating high-fiber foods to help prevent diverticulitis. 

According to a study carried out in 2018, a high-fiber diet can reduce the symptoms of diverticular disease, and improve your digestion. 

Scientists say that this is because the fibre may improve gut health by making it easier to move around and collect the stool volume, which helps promote healthy bacteria in the gut, and helps control weight gain during the exercise. 

A diet low in fibre can increase the risk of diverticulitis, along with a high intake of meat, reduced physical activity, and cigarette smoking. 

High-fiber foods include:

  • beans, legumes and pulses, such as sea beans, chickpeas, lentils, and beans
  • whole grains such as brown rice, quinoa, millet, amaranth, spelt, and wheat
  • vegetables
  • fruit 

Each and every person is different. Fiber glass adds volume to the stool and bowel spasms, which can lead to painful sensations during the explosion. Your doctor may recommend that you avoid fiber if you have an acute flare-up. 

By adding fat to your diet, you should drink plenty of water to avoid constipation. 

What foods to eat during the explosion of diverticulitis? 

In some cases, the doctor may suggest some changes in the diet, and to make the situation easier to bear, and are less likely to become worse as time goes by. 

If you have an acute attack of diverticulitis, your doctor may suggest a low-fiber diet, or on a clear liquid diet in order to alleviate your symptoms. 

As soon as the symptoms improve, you may be recommended to stick to a low-fiber diet until the symptoms disappear, and then switch to a high-fibre diet in order to prevent future outbreaks. 

A low-fiber foods 

Low fiber foods to consider, and when you experience the symptoms of diverticulitis, including the following:

white rice, white bread, white pasta, but for the avoidance of gluten-containing foods as you can a clean, low-gluten diet.

Other dietary considerations 

Or, on a clear liquid diet or not, it is usually a bad idea to drink at least 8 glasses of fluid per day. This will help you get and stay healthy, and support a healthy digestive system. 

Be sure to talk with your doctor before you make any drastic changes to your diet. 

If you are on a clear liquid diet, even after your condition improves, your doctor will gradually add on to low-fiber foods in your diet, the creation of a high-fiber diet.

DIVERTICULAR DISEASE OF THE AYURVEDIC TREATMENT 

The treatment in Ayurveda is aimed primarily at increasing the Agni (digestive power), which promotes healthy digestion.

Risk factors for diverticulitis 

One of the most important risk factors for the development of diverticulitis is old age. Older people are more likely to develop diverticulitis than in younger people. This usually occurs in people under the age of 50 years old and women between the ages of 50 and 70. 

According to a review of studies, published in 2018, and for other potential risk factors for diverticulitis include: 

Family history 

The two large twin studies have shown that genetics can play a role in diverticular disease. The authors estimate that about 40% to 50% of the potential risk of diverticular disease is hereditary. 

A low-fiber diet 

Some studies have linked low-fiber diets to an increased risk of diverticulitis. However, other studies have found no association between fiber intake and disease. 

Low Vitamin D levels 

One study found that people with high levels of vitamin D may decrease the risk of developing diverticulitis. Further research is needed in order to gain insight into the possible link between vitamin D, and in this condition. 

Obesity 

Several studies have shown that people with a higher body mass index and a higher waist, are at an increased risk of diverticulitis. 

It is also possible that obesity increases the risk of diverticulitis by altering the balance of bacteria in the digestive tract, but further research is needed to understand the role it plays out. 

Physical inactivity 

Some studies have found that physically active people are less likely to develop diverticulitis than inactive people. However, other studies have found no association between physical activity and physical fitness. 

The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (nsaids), or smoking Regular use of aspirin, ibuprofen, or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may increase the risk of developing diverticulitis. 

Smokers are at a higher risk than non-smokers to develop diverticular disease including diverticulitis.

Diverticulitis vs diverticulosis 

If you have diverticula, which does not become infected or inflamed, it is called diverticulosis. 

Scientists report that in approximately 80% of the cases, diverticulosis does not cause any symptoms at all. If you have diverticulosis without any symptoms at all, you probably don’t need treatment. 

But in some cases, colonic diverticula can lead to symptoms such as abdominal pain and bloating. When this happens, it is well-known as the symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease . 

Diverticulitis of the bladder 

Diverticula are able to develop in the bladder. This occurs when the mucous membrane of the bladder, forming a sac, is through the weak spots in the bladder wall. 

Sometimes, the bladder diverticula is present at birth. In other cases, they can develop later on. It can occur when the bladder outlet is blocked or that your bladder is not working properly as a result of an illness or injury. 

If you have an inflamed bladder diverticulum, it is called bladder, diverticulitis. For the treatment of bladder, diverticulitis, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics and pain medication. They may also recommend surgery to repair the diverticulum. 

In addition to diverticulitis of the colon, it can have an effect on the bladder. In some cases, a fistula can develop between the bowel and the bladder. This is a colovesical fistula. Find out what’s in this state. 

Esophageal diverticulitis 

Diverticula may also occur in the digestive tract. This occurs when the bags develop in the lining of the esophagus. 

Esophageal diverticula are rare. In actual development, it tends to be slow over a number of years. As they grow, they can cause symptoms or complications, such as: 

  • difficulty with swallowing
  • pain when swallowing
  • bad breath 
  • pulmonary aspiration; to inhalation of food or saliva into the lungs
  • aspiration pneumonia and the development of an infection in the lungs after the inhalation of food or saliva 

If the diverticulum becomes inflamed, it is referred to as esophageal diverticulitis. 

Diverticulitis and alcohol 

In the past, some studies have suggested that drinking alcohol may increase the risk of developing diverticulitis. However, other studies have found no link. 

According to a review of studies, published in 2017, there is no conclusive evidence that drinking alcohol increases the risk of developing this disease. 

If you drink alcohol, your doctor will most likely advise you to have a drink with a mate. Although the consumption of alcohol may lead to diverticulitis, excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of a number of other health problems.

Ayurveda recommends 

  • The regular consumption of buttermilk 
  • The power consumption of the roasted cumin seeds and pomegranate seeds 
  • Drink warm water 
  • It is food that is easily digested foods 
  • Avoid cheese, alcohol, acid and soda, and the famine 

LIFESTYLE CHANGES 

  • Ayurveda recommends 
  • For the avoidance of desire and repression, bad posture, and stay up late into the night 
  • Yoga asanas for simplicity and convenience, such as 2,6 

1. Surya Namaskar:

2. Udara Shakti Vikasaka Yoga Asanas –

i. Pawanmuktasana (wind-relieving pose):

ii. Shavasana (corpse pose):

Conclusion

Diverticulitis is a painful condition that leads to high morbidity and death. Complicated diverticulitis can sometimes be controlled by patients with limited diet and antibiotics. Complicated diverticulitis and other serious cases of diverticulitis require hospitalization. Patients need to be placed on bowel rest and should be given IV fluids and antibiotics.

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