Diverticulitis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Diverticulitis is most common after 40 years. Symptoms include abdominal pain, fever, nausea, and changes in bowel habits. Treatment may include rest, liquid or low-fiber foods and antibiotics. Serious cases may require hospitalization and surgery. Symptoms usually include lower abdominal pain of sudden onset but onset may occur again in a few days. There may also be nausea a cold or blood in the cell suggests a problem. Repeated attacks are possible. The causes of diverticulitis are uncertain. Risk factors may include obesity, lack of exercise, smoking, family history of the disease, and the use of illicit drugs.

What is the Diverticulitis?

Diverticulitis is an infection or inflammation of the pockets that can build up in your gut. These bags are called diverticula.

Packets are usually harmless. They can show anywhere in your gut. If you have them it is called diverticulosis. If they are infected or inflamed, you have diverticulitis. In some cases diverticulitis is mild. But it can also be severe with severe infection or congestion of the intestines.

Diverticulitis Symptoms

You can have bags unknowingly. Diverticula are usually painless and cause few symptoms if any. But you may notice:

  • Compression on the left side of your abdomen following gas or bowel movements
  • Bright red blood on your poop

The symptoms of Diverticulitis are very noticeable and include severe abdominal pain and fever. Diverticulitis can be severe or chronic. In the severe form, you may have one or more attacks of infection and inflammation. In chronic diverticulitis, inflammation and infection may subside but never become completely clear. Over time, inflammation can lead to constipation. This can lead to constipation, bowel movements, diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal pain. If the blockage continues abdominal pain and tenderness will increase, and you may feel sick to your stomach or vomiting.

Diverticulitis Causes

The bags in your gut become swollen or infected when they pass through or are blocked by feces. Your chances of getting diverticulitis increase with age. It is most common in people over 40 years of age. Other risks include:

  • Obesity
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Not getting enough exercise
  • Eat lots of fatty and red meat but not too much fiber
  • Taking certain types of drugs, including steroids, opioids, and non-steroid anti-inflammatories

Is diverticulitis serious?

 If left untreated diverticulitis can lead to major complications that require surgery:

Abscesses: the accumulation of redness in the infection may surround the infected diverticula. If these pass through the intestinal wall, you can get peritonitis. This infection can be fatal. You will need immediate treatment.

Convulsions or tears: on the intestinal wall can lead to abscesses and infections due to leaky discharge from the abdominal cavity.

Escape: can lead to consolidation or closure of the intestines.

Fistula: This can develop when an infected diverticulum reaches a nearby organ and forms a connection. This happens most often between the large intestine and one. It can cause kidney infections. Fistulas can also form between the large intestine or the skin or vagina.

If you are bleeding profusely, you may need a blood transfusion.

Diagnosis of Diverticulitis

The symptoms of diverticulitis can also look like other problems. Your doctor will reduce things by taking out some news. They will start with a physical examination. Women can get a pelvic exam too. Your doctor may then order one or more tests, including:

A blood test, urine, and stool to check for infection

CT scan to detect inflamed or infected diverticula

Liver enzyme testing to rule out liver problems

Diverticulitis treatment

If your diverticulitis is mild, your doctor will recommend rest and fluids while your intestines are healing. They can also give you antibiotics to treat the infection. In severe cases you may need to stay in the hospital and take antiretroviral drugs. If you have an abscess, your doctor will remove it. If your intestines are torn or you have peritonitis, you will need surgery. Once you are cured, your doctor can give you a colonoscopy to remove colon cancer. You can prevent diverticulosis and diverticulitis and their problems by eating more fiber, drinking more water and exercising more often.

 

Prevent to Diverticulitis

Eat plenty of fiber. The recommended daily intake is 25 grams for women, 20 for those over the age of 50, and 30-38 grams for men. 

Drink plenty of fluids. You should consume at least 64 ounces of fluids daily. Increased fiber intake should be paired with increased fluid intake in order to reap the benefits of a high-fiber diet and avoid discomfort. 

Exercise regularly. Exercising for 30 minutes on most days helps promote normal bowel function. 

Is diverticulitis hereditary?

The pressure from this can cause bags to be built in weak areas around the colony. There is also a genetic predisposition, so it can work in families. Where the diverticulum is present but does not cause problems we call it Diverticulosis. Ehlers-Danios, Marfan syndrome and polycystic kidney disease have been linked to the development of autoimmune diseases.

Conclusion

Diverticulitis is a painful condition that leads to high morbidity and death. Complicated diverticulitis can sometimes be controlled by patients with limited diet and antibiotics. Complicated diverticulitis and other serious cases of diverticulitis require hospitalization. Patients need to be placed on bowel rest and should be given IV fluids and antibiotics.

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