Skin lesions are abnormal changes in the skin such as, bumps, holes in the skin, ulcers, sore, and maybe acne in some part of your skin. A skin lesion is may occur in any part of your body and cover a large area of your skin.
Skin is the largest organ of our body. It has three layers such as epidermis. Dermis and subcutaneous skin. Any types of infection are caused like inflammation or trauma in these layers that can lead to skin lesions.
It may be single or multiple, cover one specific area of the body, or distributed in a wide area of skin.
Skin lesions include discolorations, cysts, swelling, bumps, swelling, blisters, or some other type of change in your skin. Mostly environmental change affects the skin and occurs skin lesions.
What are the causes of Skin Lesion?
Skin lesions sometimes can be permanent and temporary depending on the causes. Here we define some common causes and conditions of skin lesions such as,
An allergic reaction can because of hives. It has no proper place on their own but it may occur any place in the body.
Hives may look bumpy, itch rash, and red. It can be ring-shaped round and small. Hives have some major symptoms such as,
Acne can appear as pimples, cysts, whiteheads, or blackheads. It can be painful or lead to irritating and scarring. It can develop when the pores are opened and the skin is clogged with dead skin cells and holes in the skin. Bacteria or other infections maybe get in-flaming the skin lesions and clogged pore.
The natural oily skin is called sebum. People who have mild acne can use over-the-counter treatments and products that are consumed salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide. This product gives the result in 4-5 weeks.
If your acne may be severe or painful you can consult a skin specialist.
This is a common skin problem in that your skins become red and itchy. Eczema develops when your skin directly contacts an allergen object or infection.
Allergic eczema mostly seen in forearms and hands.
It is a chronic condition there is no cure, but some medications and lifestyle changes can manage the symptoms of the skin lesions.
It may be a chronic pain; there is no cure for it. Your lifestyle and medication can change the symptoms and skin lesions.
People with eczema have to take care such as,
- Avoid anything that seems to their skin worse
- Always bathe 2 times a day and moisturize the skin
- Use medications that the doctor suggested
Herpes simplex viruses cause cold sores. People may realize that they have to form around their lips which look like blisters. It may be tingly or painful.
It has a burning sensation in the affected area around the area of skin. Cold scores go within a few weeks. Symptoms of the cold score have low fever and body acne along with cold scores.
People may use OTC medications and creams that containing acyclovir that is speed and ease the healing process speedily.
It is a circular or rounded type of rash, which is caused by a fungus called ringworm. That can appear on skin any part of the body; it is surrounded by red, scaly skin, and itchy.
People who have ringworm on the feet of athlete’s on the groin jock may be itchy. Ringworm can be treated by OTC creams, medications, and lotions. You can also use the powders for infection.
Ringworm is required prescription as antifungal medications.
This type of skin lesion filled with pus and become pimples, which can be crust and break over time.
Impetigo sores around the affected area around the forearms, mouth, and hands. This type of skin lesion found in young children and babies.
This type of skin lesion develops on skin that has been damaged by the sun. Actinic keratosis looks like brown, pink, colored, and crusty bumps.
It happens when your skin gets maximum sun exposure. There is a high risk of cancer associated with skin lesions. For this, you have to require sunlight therapy to treat it.
It is a common chronic inflammatory skin problem, which is characterized by raised itchy skin plaques. Psoriasis appears on the elbows, knees, scalp and also affects your legs and nails.
Psoriasis speeds up as your life cycle goes on. This builds dead cells on the surface of the epidermis, causing inflamed, red, and holes in skin.
In this skin lesion, you can take OTC medications, ointments, and prescriptions as your doctor suggested.
How to Diagnose Skin lesion?
When you have a skin lesion, you may go to a dermatologist. A dermatologist can see and analyze your skin lesions thoroughly and conduct a related swab test, biopsy, and physical examination like the surface of your skin area, pigmentation, skin texture, and distribution of skin lesion over the body.
After examining, they prescribed medication, lotions creams as per the skin lesion problem. If they see a major problem in the skin they will take the other treatment of skin lesion.
Risk Factors of Skin Lesions
The risk factor or complications may depend on the causes of skin lesions. Sometimes skin lesions may permanently change in your skin such as a heavy scar, holes in skin. The risk factor of skin lesions like some serious infection and melanoma, which can be a very serious even life-threatening problem.
Skin lesions can be accompanying some serious diseases so sometimes treatment can also resulting in permanent damage and complications.
Once your skin lesion is diagnosed, then it’s important to follow the treatment plan and some precaution habits in lifestyle. As per the dermatologist, there are so many complications in skin lesions including,
- Scarring, burning, and itching
- Spread of cancer
- Organ failure
- Fungus infection
- Adverse effects of treatment
- Cosmetic disfigurement
When should you see a doctor?
you treat skin lesions with some home remedies, medications, and lotions after that you see a major problem in your skin or body you have to consult a dermatologist. When OTC products do not resolve your eczema, psoriasis, or acne you should consult a doctor.
If you notice new moles, blisters, or any other changes in existing moles or blister you should see a doctor, who may screen for skin diseases or skin cancer. This procedure also applies to all the skin lesion like actinic keratosis, ringworm, and psoriasis.
If you have seen the symptoms of impetigo, immediately visit your dermatologist and take the particular treatment of it.
How to treat skin lesions?
Skin lesion treatment can be done based on your skin problem. If normal skin lesions can be done, which can be treated with cream, lotion, and some home remedies, but some major skin lesions are done you have to take treatment.
The most common treatment for skin lesions is medications such as creams and ointments that reduce the inflammation and soothe the affected area. Some creams or lotions can be work great to manage the symptoms of skin lesions such as burning, itching, and redness in the skin. It may be also a cure in infection such as chickenpox; doctors may also prescribe the prescription.
Common skin lesions may be healed by medications. But some skin lesions can be requiring surgery. Surgery may give you a permanent solution for this type of skin lesion. Sometimes birthmarks also require surgery.
Some skin lesion does not need any medical prescription or surgery. It may require some normal home remedies to get relief from the symptoms of the skin. You can use home remedies and oatmeal baths to get relief from swelling and itchiness from skin lesions.
The Bottom Line
You have to take care of your skin lesions by maintaining a regular and healthy lifestyle. Keep your skin may be clean and healthy, moisturized, or hydrated as per your skin condition.
Skin lesions may be resulting in common causes like a bruise or cut from moles, injury, acne, and freckles. So, if you notice some serious condition in the skin and your body consult a doctor as soon as possible and get proper medication and treatment.