You Need to Know About Conjunctivitis

Pink eye is one type of eye infection in adults or children. It is also called conjunctivitis. That causes the inflammation of the conjunctiva, allergies, irritants, and bacteria.

Conjunctiva symptoms like thin or small tissue that lies over the white part of the lines and eye inside the eyelid. Pink eye symptoms can be changed depends on how do you get pink eye.  

In this article, we are giving information on everything about the pink eye.

What is Pink Eye?

Pink eye is an infection or inflammation of the transparent conjunctiva that lines or covers the white part of your eyeball.  When small blood vessels in the conjunctiva become inflamed, they are visible show.

In pink eye symptoms, your eye may be shown pink or reddish, sometimes maybe whites. Pink eye is normally caused by viral or bacterial infection, allergic infection. Mostly in newborn babies because they incompletely opened tear duct.

Pink eye can be irritating, affects your vision. Conjunctivitis requires early diagnosis and treatment that can cure or help limit as spread more.

Pink Eye Symptoms

There are so many pink eye symptoms but some are very contagious. We have to pay attention to the symptoms such as,

  • Pink, red or white color in the eye
  • Burning or swelling of the conjunctiva
  • Pus or mucus discharge
  • Increased tear production without any reason
  • Itchiness or gritty feeling in one or both eyes
  • Contact lenses that do not feel comfortable
  • An urge to rub the eye

What Causes Pink Eye?

Pink eye should be caused by different types of viruses or allergic infections. Some of the major causes such as,

  • Chemical splash in the eye
  • Foreign objects in the eye
  • A contact lens may not be comfortable in the eye
  • A newborn baby blocked tear duck

How Do You Get Pink Eye?

There are so many reasons for getting pink eye that are given below briefly such as,

Allergies

Conjunctivitis allergies affect I both eyes and an allergy-causing substance like pollen. In allergies, your body produces an antibody called immunoglobulin E. This antibody called mast cells in the mucous lining in your eyes and release airways to inflammatory including histamines.

If you have an allergic pink eye, you may experience tearing without any reason, inflammation in the eye, sneezing, and watery nasal discharge.

Viral and Bacterial Conjunctivitis

Normally, pink eyes caused by a viral infection and herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster virus, and other several types of viruses such as coronavirus diseases (COVID-19). Bacterial and viral conjunctivitis can occur along with respiratory infection and cold and flu symptoms.

Sometimes contact lenses do not match in our eye that also cause a pink eye. Conjunctivitis spread through direct or indirect contact with the liquid that drains from the eyes of someone who is infected.

 Irritation

It can be done through a chemical splash or foreign object associate with your eye. Sometimes it may be flushing and cleaning the eye to rid of the chemical causes irritation or redness in the eye.

Sometimes chemical splash causes permanent eye damage. Foreign objects in your eye may be scratch over the cornea and covering the area of the eyeball.

Pink eye symptoms, which may include mucous discharge, and watery eyes that are clear up within about a week or day.

How is the Pink Eye Diagnosed?

In a pink eye diagnosis, your ophthalmologist or pediatrician will examine your eye and test the eye as per the chart. Firstly, they check the eye vision is affected or not, then after they go ahead. Diagnosis of pink eye can be based on the health history such as

  • Age of patient
  • Other diseases
  • Amount of discharge from the eye
  • Color tint of an eye like redness, whites pink

If the viral infection or bacterial infection is done, your doctor may test other samples and cotton swabs of secretions around your eye area and identify the problem. After proper diagnosing, they will treat you.

Pink Eye Treatment

Treatment of conjunctivitis depends on what’s causing it.

Treatment of conductivities depends on how can you get a pink eye. If you are affected by chemical irritants, it will go away in a few days. If it affects foreign objects and other bacteria or viruses, then it may want a treatment option for pink eye. Here we give the following treatment option such as,

Allergic Conjunctivitis

It can prevent a small number of allergic bouts. Diphenhydramine and loratadine are antihistamines that are available in over-the-counter medications. They may help you with allergic symptoms. Some of the antihistamine’s eye drops or anti-inflammatory eye drops also help you in conjunctivitis.

Viral Conjunctivitis

This type of conjunctivitis will run over a period and several days that are no required any treatment. Applying wet washcloths and cold water to the eyes for some days or several times a pink eye symptom can be relieved.

Bacterial Conjunctivitis

If you have a bacterial infection, you can use antibiotics. Adults usually prefer eye drops and children might be using an ointment. Using antibiotic medication, pink eye symptoms will probably disappear in just a few days.

How Can We Prevent the Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)?

Pink eye is not transmitted in the common cold. It is relieved soon, and we can return to work, school. If you are not consistent in work take proper treatment and practicing good hygiene. Here we declared some pink eye prevention tips to follow such as,

  • Wash your hands often
  • Do not share your personal items like hand towels, tissues, and washcloths.
  • Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes.
  • Always cover your nose and mouth when you are sneezing and coughing.
  • Always keep hand sanitizer with you when you are out outside.
  • Change your pillowcases after some time
  • If you are wearing contact lenses, strictly follow instructions
  • An antibiotic ointment can be applied to a newborn’s eyes.
  • Away from eye cosmetics like mascara and eyeliner

When you are showering, remove contact lenses to avoid trapping bacteria between your eyes and contact lenses

The Bottom Line

Pink eye or conjunctivitis is not a dangerous problem, sometimes it may be severe. This can go away within some days or weeks, if your symptoms last a longer time than, you should consult an ophthalmologist. Your doctor may check and give you proper advice and instructions.

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